There are several different branches of the tree of law, including family law. What’s more is those branches can break off into more, smaller branches of varying subject matter and areas of that specific field of law. Family law is primarily concerned with such matters as child custody, divorce, adoption, parental rights, and marital property. It’s worth noting that family law differs from state to state.
Some family law attorneys choose to specialize in matters involving children, such as adoption, child custody, child support, and emancipation. With adoption, cases differ according to the child’s age, specific state laws, and whether the child is in foster care. Emancipation cases are those in which the child wishes to become self-sufficient and no longer remain under the care of his or her legal guardians.
When it comes to divorce, couples might have financial assets or property to divide between the two of them. Family law helps to ensure everything is divided equally between both parties and that no one feels cheated. Because there might be financial disparity between spouses, one might have to pay alimony or child support to the other after divorce to better ensure financial security.
Couples might also need a family law professional before getting married. Signing a prenuptial agreement ensures neither spouse has a legal claim to the other’s financial or physical assets in the event of divorce. A couple that’s soon to be married might also want to confirm who a child’s biological father is before tying the knot. Such knowledge goes a long way in establishing parental rights.
Estate planning is another aspect of family law. Specifically, it creates a legal plan to ensure a person’s financial assets and physical property go to the individuals or organizations he or she desires. Without such a plan, there’s a chance family members might fight or be confused as to who should get what and when. Financial assets can also be held or contested by the State without proper estate planning.